loop in Rust

loop rand random

Sometimes you have a loop that where the exit condition of the loop is complex, or for other reason you don't want to put it in the while condition.

In some languages there is a do while loop that executes the first iteration and only after that checks the condition for the first time.

In Rust you could write something like:

while true {
    if end-condition {

but it is better written with the loop keyword.

loop {
    if end-condition {

The loop loop is different from the while loop or from the for loop in that it can also return a value. So we can write:

let result = loop {
    if end-condition {
        break 42;

Let's see a full example. This is quite similar to what we had showing the while loop, but this time the break returns the last number.

The dependency

In this example we use the rand crate.


name = "loop-loop"
version = "0.1.0"
edition = "2021"

# See more keys and their definitions at https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/manifest.html

rand = "0.8.5"

The code


use rand::Rng;

fn main() {

    let mut total = 0;

    let result = loop {
        let number = rand::thread_rng().gen_range(1..=10);
        total += number;

        if total > 50 {
            break total;

    println!("The result is {result}");


On every run we'll get a different series of numbers:

$ cargo run -q
The result is 58

Infinite loop

I used to call such loops "infinite loops" and the rust documentation of loop uses the expression Loop indefinitely, but recently I started to feel that it isn't the right description. Of course there might be cases when you would like to loop indefinitely, I just have never encountered one. Every time I used this construct I had some kind of exit-condition so I used break at least once.

That's why these days I use the term "loops where the condition is checked in the body of the loop". It is longer than "infinite loops", but I feel it describes the real-world use-cases better.

Related Pages

loops in Rust


Gabor Szabo (szabgab)

Gabor Szabo, the author of the Rust Maven web site maintains several Open source projects in Rust and while he still feels he has tons of new things to learn about Rust he already offers training courses in Rust and still teaches Python, Perl, git, GitHub, GitLab, CI, and testing.

Gabor Szabo